Glossary

A - Z

AOI
"Add-On Install" - a data package containing the information necessary for the installation of an add-on product for a SAP system; imported via the transaction SAINT.
AOP
"Add-On Package" - a data package containing the information necessary for the maintenance of an installed add-on (e.g. QuantityWares' BCP or SAP Oil & Gas) within a SAP system; imported via the transaction SPAM.
BCG
"Bulk Calculations - Gas" - a complete collection of standards-based natural gas (including LNG and NGL) conversion routines, example customizing and compliance functionality, programmed in SAP ABAP. BCG enables definition, calculation and management of all necessary natural gas quantity conversions- for low and high pressure natural gas, including calculation of calorific values, densities and Wobbe index from natural gas composition, as well as LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) and NGL (Natural Gas Liquid) quantity conversions. The Gas Measurement Cockpit (GMC) is the central point of access to the BCP solution?s functionality and features.
BCP
"Bulk Calculations - Petroleum" - a complete collection of standards-based conversion routines, example customizing and compliance functionality for liquid petroleum bulk products (including LPG) and associated petrochemicals, programmed in SAP ABAP. BCP enables the definition, calculation and management of all necessary liquid quantity conversions - temperature and pressure corrections, calculation of base densities (in vacuum and air), volume correction factors, masses, weights and volumes. The Petroleum Measurement Cockpit (PMC) is the central point of access to the BCP solution's functionality and features.
BCS
"Bulk Calculations - Solution" - the name used to describe the complete QuantityWare calculations and calculations governance solution comprised from the following components, split into two major areas: Technical Delivery:
  • Complete Configuration Template
  • Full range of measurement standards implementations
  • Model-based Quantity Conversion Interface (MQCI)
  • Petroleum Measurement Cockpit (PMC)
  • Gas Measurement Cockpit (GMC)
  • Supporting Components:
  • Project Assessment and Implementation Guidelines (PAIG)
  • Documentation
  • Topic-specific support
  • Maintenance and Development
  • Working Papers
The QuantityWare products BCP, BCG, CTP and CTG are installed through the BCS SAINT installation. BCS is a SAP certified ?Powered by NetWeaver? solution.
Bulk product
This is a generalized expression for products whose quantity values cannot be expressed using only natural numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...). Bulk products appear in solid, gaseous or liquid form. Example: If you are a Laptop Vendor, you sell either 1 or 2 or 10 laptops to your customers, but not 8/13 of a Laptop or 0.0003 Laptops. Gasoline is a bulk product, quantity values of gasoline require complex measurements (volume, weight) and are typically expressed as decimal numbers with a level of accuracy which is determined by the measurement accuracy: Example: 10234.5 gallons of diesel.
BusinessObjects Process Control
"SAP BusinessObjects Process Control" is one application - among others - of the SAP BusinessObjects Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) solutions. For more information see:
http://www.sap.com/solutions/sapbusinessobjects/large/governance-risk-compliance/index.epx
CALL SYSTEM
An SAP method of invoking external programs, that are not part of the SAP installation, from within an SAP system.
Configuration Template
The QuantityWare configuration template is delivered as a "blueprint" (reference) resource for all BCS customers. It contains internally validated Unit of Measure (UoM) definitions and quantity conversion configuration for both SAP - and QuantityWare-delivered tables. It is the  fundamental resource upon which the QuantityWare implementation test is based, which is used by customers to validate system calculations functions in a specific "template" (reference), non-productive client.
CRT
"Conflict Resolution Transport" a data package containing the information necessary to resolve conflicts between objects in SAP standard components (e.g. SAP_APPL) and a modifying add-on (e.g. SAP Oil & Gas below release SAP ERP2005).
CSP
"Component Support Package" -  a data package containing the information necessary for the maintenance of an installed component (e.g. QuantityWares' BCP or SAP Oil & Gas) within a SAP system; imported via the transaction SPAM. i.e. as far as we are concerned, the AOPs from SAP R/3 Enterprise 47x200 have a new name in ERP 6.0.
CTG
"Compliance & Transparency" - Gas is a compliance tool providing organisations who use SAP QCI-compatible legacy calculations methods such as external C-routines or self-developed calculations, the ability to control, document and govern their configuration and calculations from a central, structured transaction - the Gas Measurement Cockpit GMC. CTG customers also have full access to the QuantityWare configuration template and non-productive access to BCG calculations to allow validation of the initial CTG installation and their existing calculations.
CTP
"Compliance & Transparency - Petroleum" - a compliance tool providing organisations, who use SAP QCI-compatible legacy calculations methods such as external C-routines or self-developed calculations, the ability to control, document and govern their configuration and calculations from a central, structured transaction - the Petroleum Measurement Cockpit PMC. CTP customers also have full access to the QuantityWare configuration template and non-productive access to BCP calculations to allow validation of the initial CTP installation and their existing calculations.
CTPL
Correction for the effect of Temperature and Pressure on Liquid - the latest definition as used in the ASTM D 1250-07 revision to replace the previous term "VCF". A numerical value that is calculated based on oil & gas measurement standards - depending on a given temperature and pressure value -  with this CTPL, an observed product volume quantity has to be multiplied to obtain the product quantity at standard temperature and pressure conditions. The standard product quantity can then be utilized for excise duty payments, stock reconciliation & control, as well as pricing calculations.
ERP
Enterprise resource planning systems (ERP) integrate and automate many of the business practices associated with the operations or production and distribution aspects of a company engaged in manufacturing products or services. The systems concentrate on the efficency of a firm's internal production, distribution and financial processing.
GMC
The Gas Measurement Cockpit (GMC) is a unique transaction acting as a single access point for measurement specialists and technical consultants to the QuantityWare BCG and CTG calculations and compliance functionality. The GMC enables design, monitoring, maintenance and enhancement of complex, measurement standard based quantity conversion implementations that run within the SAP Oil & Gas ERP system. It provides an easy-to-use user interface (UI), which is structured to enable measurement experts and technical consultants to work efficiently.
GRC
"Governance, Risk (Management) & Compliance" The general term for a holistic approach tackling the following areas:
  • Governance - implementation of a strategic direction that leads to the organisation's goals
  • Risk Management - assesses which business areas are at risk and what effects risk might bear
  • Compliance - The operating measures required to avoid the identified risks and reduce the potential damage that they could cause to the organisation.
MQCI
Quantity conversion calculations can be performed in several ways, which are comprised of distinct "calculation steps". A sequence of calculation steps, which typically include calculation procedures of measurement parameters, the conversion of different kinds of quantities ("dimensions" in SAP terminology), as well as rounding procedures, is the basic definition of the conversion model. Different conversion models are defined in national and international measurement standards and are in use within the Oil & Gas and Chemical industries. QuantityWare has developed a new model based QCI (MQCI), which enables implementations of any possible model, for any given quantity (weight, mass, volume, energy, liquid volume (LNG), gross, net volumes etc.). The MQCI is seamlessly integrated into the SAP QCI and can be either utilized in parallel with the proven SAP QCI conversion logic in any SAP Oil & Gas system, or as the single quantity conversion model solution within your SAP Oil & Gas system.
PAIG
Project Assessment and Implementation Guidelines (PAIG) embody a high-level methodology base upon industry project experience which enables consultants and project members to plan and quantify the actions required when implementing comprehensive quantity calculations within SAP Oil & Gas environments.
PMC
The Petroleum Measurement Cockpit (PMC) is a unique transaction acting as a single access point for measurement specialists and technical consultants to the QuantityWare BCP and CTP calculations and compliance functionality. The PMC enables design, monitoring, maintenance and enhancement of complex, measurement standard based quantity conversion implementations that run within the SAP Oil & Gas ERP system. It provides an easy-to-use user interface (UI), which is structured to enable measurement experts and technical consultants to work efficiently.
PRA
"Produkt and Revenue Accouting" - an abbreviation describing the SAP Oil&Gas solution for the upstream business processes, focused on exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas and related revenue cost handling of all involved business partners.
QCI
The Quantity Conversion Interface (QCI) is a SAP product and an integral part of the SAP Oil & Gas ERP solution. Quantity conversion calculations for all bulk logistics processes are implemented via this interface. Every customer running highly integrated logistics processes within the SAP Oil & Gas ERP system has to design & build their own quantity conversion logic. The SAP QCI itself - out of the box - provides only an example conversion logic based on the German industry standard DIN 51650, however WITHOUT the standards' special rounding. For more details: (to Document)
Quantity
Any amount of substance, e.g. crude oil, can be characterized by a non specified number of different quantities, which stand for the physical attributes of this substance. In order to compare quantities of different amounts, the quantity has to be a measurable characteristic. Examples are: The quantity mass, the quantity volume
Ramp-up
A phase defined by SAP within the software innovation lifecycle which starts with the delivery of a new SAP product release to a limited number of customers, which obtain special care by SAP support until go-live with the new product. After successful ramp-up of a new release, the product enters then the mass market shipment phase (also known as general availability), which ends the ramp-up phase for the product.
SaaS or Usage Licensing
Enables customers to install our software in their local systems and pay for usage of the software with full maintenance and support on an annual basis. This limits financial commitment, increases customer flexibility and "transfers" payment of solution licensing from fix- to variable-costs.
SAINT
The "Sap Add-on Installation Tool" is a transaction which can be called from within an SAP system, allowing the installation of a wide range of add-on products; without having to access the Operating System, or restart the SAP system.
Please see the on-line documentation in your SAP system for further details.
SP
"Support Package" - really a "Component Support Package" - is a data package containing the information necessary for the maintenance of an installed SAP component (e.g.SAP_BASIS, SAP_APPL, SAP_ABA etc.)
SPAM
The "Support Package Manager" allows the import of maintenance packages (containing code fixes, table entries etc.)  into an SAP system, without having to access the Operating System or re-start the SAP system.
Unit
Quantities of different products can be compared if a unit (UoM, Unit of Measure, Unit of Measurement) is chosen on a scientific basis (reproducible and stable over time and place) that is accepted among business partners. This implies that the products themselves can be compared. Units are expressed by a language dependent name and a generalized symbol. Examples for the quantity mass m , one possible unit is defined with the English name kilogram, and the symbol kg, for the quantity length l one possible unit name is metre, with the symbol m.Other units for mass are the pound, symbol lb, the long ton, symbol lto, for volume the barrel, symbol bbl, or the u.s. gallon, symbol ugl.
UOM
UoM is an abbreviation for a metrology term and stands for Unit of Measurement or Unit  of Measure
Value Chain
A theoretical value in an inclusive range between 1 and 7. This represents the processes performed by an organisation such as: production, transport, refining, chemical processing, storage, distribution, secondary distribution, retail. The processes are weighted according to the product value appreciation that each process represents.
VCF
"Volume Correction Factor" - This term has now been replaced by CTPL.